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"The war against illegal plunder has been fought since the beginning of the world. But how is...
legal plunder to be identified? Quite simply. See if the law takes from some persons what belongs to them,
and gives it to other persons to whom it  does not belong. See if the law benefits one citizen at the expense
of another by doing what the citizen himself cannot  do without committing a crime.
Then abolish this law without delay .......
If such a law is not abolished immediately it will spread, multiply and develop into a system."
Frederic Bastiat, French author of The Law (1848)



"Few of us can easily surrender our belief that society must somehow make sense.
The thought that the state has lost its mind is intolerable,
and so the evidence has to be internally denied."   - Arthur Miller



Public Law 829 (77th Congress) Sec. 4(a) :
"The flag should never be displayed with the union down
SAVE AS A SIGNAL OF DIRE DISTRESS"




BECAUSE THE UNAWARE ARE
UNAWARE THAT THEY ARE UNAWARE:

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"The United States shall guarantee to every State in this
Union a Republican Form of Government...."
ehhhh..........forgedaboutit

A Beginners Guide to the New World Order
PART 2
 Republic? What Republic!?



It would be very easy to just throw some facts at random out, trying to explain
this new world order, however, some of the earliest aspects of our nations founding
are still coming back to haunt us today. You will see as you study the following info,
the European financial  interests that sparked the American Revolution and the next
major wars, still have a vested interest (no pun intended) and  stranglehold on our nation today.
This guide will run on a loose time line, however this is not a complete total history site.
I will attempt to highlight the pertinent events as they relate to the Matrix like
political scam that has been pulled on this nation.
I have also included a link to an
interactive North American historical timeline
and an Early Colonial Era timeline
and THE FRENCH, DUTCH AND
ENGLISH IN NORTH AMERICA
for historical reference purposes.


1000 A.D.
Leif Ericson, a Viking seaman, explores the east coast of North America and
sights Newfoundland, establishing a short-lived settlement there.

1215
The Magna Carta document is adopted in England, guaranteeing liberties to the English people,
and proclaiming basic rights and procedures which later become the foundation stone of modern democracy.

1492
Christopher Columbus makes the first of four voyages to the New World, funded by the Spanish Crown,
seeking a western sea route to Asia. On October 12, sailing the Santa Maria, he lands in the Bahamas,
thinking it is an outlying Japanese island.

Columbus's arrival in the Americas touched off a series of encounters between
Native Americans, Africans, Asians
and Europeans, that continues to this day.

1499
Italian navigator, Amerigo Vespucci, sights the coast of South America during a voyage of discovery for Spain.

1507
The name "America" is first used in a geography book referring to the New World with
Amerigo Vespucci getting credit for the discovery of the continent.

1517
Martin Luther launches the Protestant Reformation in Europe, bringing an end to the sole authority of the
Catholic Church, resulting in the growth of numerous Protestant religious sects.
1562
The Politics of Obedience: Discourse of Voluntary Servitude, is written
by Éttiene de la Boétie, but not discovered and published until 1913
1565
The first permanent European colony in North America is founded
at St. Augustine (Florida) by the Spanish.

1587
August 18
The first English child, Virginia Dare,
is born in Roanoke, August 18. The "lost colony of Roanoke" is believed to have
been intermingled with Lumbee/Croation indians.
The Lumbee don't entirely understand why people persist in calling the Roanoke colony the "Lost Colony,"
since they left an explicit note telling where they were going (Croatian, an island belonging to some friendly Indians)
and since the descendants of the Croatoan Cheraw were found some 50 years later speaking English, practicing
Christianity, and sporting about 75% of the last names the colonists had brought with them.


Virginia Dare



1588

In Europe, the defeat of the Spanish Armada by the English results in Great Britain replacing Spain
as the dominant world power and leads to a gradual decline of Spanish influence in the
New World and the widening of English imperial interests.


1606
The London Company sponsors a colonizing expedition to Virginia
Virginia Charter of 1606
The king was making a commercial venture when he sent his subjects to America, and used his money
 to do so.  In the Virginia Charter he declares his sovereignty over the land and his subjects and in
paragraph 9 he declares the amount of gold, silver and copper he is to receive
if any is found by his subjects. The king declares that all his heirs and successors were to also
receive the same amount of gold, silver and copper that he claimed with this Charter.
click for text of
Virginia Charter of
1606

click for larger image
 charter of 1606


1607
Jamestown is founded in Virginia by the colonists of the London Company. By the end of the year,
starvation and  disease reduce the original 105 settlers to just 32 survivors. Capt. John Smith is captured
by Native American Chief Powhatan and saved from death by the chief's daughter, Pocahontas.
1608
In January, 110 additional colonists arrive at Jamestown. In December, the first items of export trade
are sent from Jamestown back to England and include lumber and iron ore.
1616
Tobacco becomes an export staple for Virginia
A smallpox epidemic decimates the Native American population in New England.
1619
The first session of the first legislative assembly in America occurs as the
Virginia House of Burgesses convenes in Jamestown. It consists of
22 burgesses representing 11 plantations.
Twenty Africans are brought by a Dutch ship to Jamestown for sale as indentured servants,
marking the beginning of slavery in Colonial America.
1652
Rhode Island enacts the first law in the colonies declaring slavery illegal
1686
King James II begins consolidating the colonies of New England into a single Dominion depriving
colonists of their local political rights and independence. Legislatures are dissolved and the King's representatives assume all of the judicial and legislative power.
1700
The Anglo population in the English colonies in America reaches 250,000
1702
Queen Anne's War
In March, Queen Anne ascends the English throne. In May, England declares war on France after the
death of the King of Spain, Charles II, to stop the union of France and Spain.
This War of the Spanish Succession is called Queen Anne's War in the colonies,
where the English and American colonists will
battle the French, their Native American allies, and the Spanish for the next eleven years.
1754
The French and Indian wars were four wars fought in North America one right after another.
They started in 1689 and ended in 1763. England and France were fighting for control of
North America. Both sides had Indian allies
1764
The Currency Act prohibits the colonists from issuing any legal tender paper money.
This act threatens to destabilize the entire colonial economy of both the industrial North and
agricultural South, thus uniting the colonists against it.
In May, at a town meeting in Boston, James Otis raises the issue of taxation without representation
and urges a united response to the recent acts imposed by England.
1765
The birth of the Spirit of America
In March, the Stamp Act is passed by the English Parliament imposing the first direct tax on the
American colonies, to offset the high costs of the British military organization in America.
Thus for the first time in the
150 year old history of the British colonies in America, the Americans will pay tax not to their own local
legislatures in America, but directly to England.
Under the Stamp Act, all printed materials are taxed, including; newspapers, pamphlets, bills,
legal documents, licenses, almanacs, dice and playing cards.
The American colonists quickly unite in opposition
Also in March, the Quartering Act requires colonists to house British troops
and supply them with food
In May, in Virginia, Patrick Henry presents seven Virginia Resolutions to the House of Burgesses
claiming that only the Virginia assembly can legally tax Virginia residents, saying,
"If this be treason, make the most of it."

The Rebellious Stripes

In July, the Sons of Liberty, an underground organization opposed to the Stamp Act, is formed:
The flag of nine red and white stripes that represented these "Sons of Liberty"
became known as the "Rebellious Stripes."
in a number of colonial towns. Its members use violence and intimidation to eventually force all
of the British stamp agents to resign
In October, the Stamp Act Congress convenes in New York City, with representatives from nine of
the colonies. The Congress prepares a resolution to be sent to King George III and the English Parliament.
The petition requests the repeal of the Stamp Act and the Acts of 1764. The petition asserts that
taxation without representation violates the colonists' basic civil rights.
In December, British General Thomas Gage, commander of all English military forces in America, asks
the New York assembly to make colonists comply with the Quartering Act and house and supply his troops.
Also in December, the American boycott of English imports spreads, as over 200 Boston
merchants join the movement.


1766
In March, King George III signs a bill repealing the Stamp Act after much debate in the English
Parliament, which included an appearance by Ben Franklin arguing for repeal and warning of a
possible revolution in the American colonies if the Stamp Act was enforced by the British military.
On the same day it repealed the Stamp Act, the English Parliament passes the Declaratory Act stating
that the British government has total power to legislate any laws governing the American colonies
in all cases whatsoever.
 In August, violence breaks out in New York between British soldiers and armed colonists, including
Sons of Liberty members. The violence erupts as a result of the continuing refusal of New York colonists
to comply with the Quartering Act
1767
In June, The English Parliament passes the Townshend Revenue Acts, imposing a new series of taxes on
the colonists to offset the costs of administering and protecting the American colonies. Items taxed include
imports such as paper, tea, glass, lead and paints. The Act also establishes a colonial board of customs
commissioners in Boston. In October, Bostonians decide to reinstate a boycott of English luxury items.
1768
In February, Samuel Adams of Massachusetts writes a Circular Letter opposing taxation without
representation and calling for the colonists to unite in their actions against the British government.
The letter is sent to assemblies throughout the colonies and also instructs them on the methods the
Massachusetts general court is using to oppose the Townshend Acts.
In April, England's Secretary of State for the Colonies, Lord Hillsborough, orders colonial
governors to stop their own assemblies from endorsing Adams' circular letter.
By month's end, the assemblies of New Hampshire, Connecticut and New Jersey have endorsed the letter.
In May, a British warship armed with 50 cannons sails into Boston harbor after a call for help from custom
commissioners who are constantly being harassed by Boston agitators. In June, a customs official is locked up
in the cabin of the Liberty, a sloop owned by John Hancock. Imported wine is then unloaded illegally into
Boston without payment of duties. Following this incident, customs officials seize Hancock's sloop. After
threats of violence from Bostonians, the customs officials escape to an island off Boston, then request
the intervention of British troops.
In August, in Boston and New York, merchants agree to boycott most British goods until the
Townshend Acts are repealed. In September, at a town meeting in Boston, residents are urged to arm
themselves. Later in September, English warships sail into Boston Harbor, then two regiments of
English infantry land in Boston and set up permanent residence to keep order.
1769
In March, merchants in Philadelphia join the boycott of British trade goods. In May, a set of resolutions
written by George Mason is presented by George Washington to the Virginia House of Burgesses.
The Virginia Resolves oppose taxation without representation, the British opposition to the circular letters,
and British plans to possibly send American agitators to England for trial. Ten days later, the Royal
governor of Virginia dissolves the House of Burgesses. However, its members meet the next day in
a Williamsburg tavern and agree to a boycott of British trade goods, luxury items and slaves.
The boycott of English goods spreads to New Jersey, Rhode Island, and then North Carolina.
March 5, 1770

The Boston Massacre occurs as a mob harasses British soldiers who then fire their muskets pointblank into
the crowd, killing three instantly, mortally wounding two others and injuring six. After the incident, the new
Royal Governor of Massachusetts, Thomas Hutchinson, at the insistence of Sam Adams, withdraws
British troops out of Boston to nearby harbor islands.
In April, the Townshend Acts are repealed by the British. All duties on imports into the colonies
are eliminated except for tea. Also, the Quartering Act is not renewed.

1772
In June, a British customs schooner, the Gaspee, runs aground off Rhode Island in Narragansett Bay.
Colonists from Providence row out to the schooner and attack it, set the British crew ashore, then
burn the ship. a 500 pound reward is offered by the English Crown for the capture of those colonists, who
would then be sent to England for trial. The announcement that they would be sent to England further
upsets many American colonists.
In November, a Boston town meeting assembles, called by Sam Adams. During the meeting, a
21 member committee of correspondence is appointed to communicate with other towns and colonies.
A few weeks later, the town meeting endorses three radical proclamations asserting the
rights of the colonies to self-rule.
1773
May 10, the Tea Act takes effect. It maintains a three penny per pound import tax on tea arriving in the
colonies, which had already been in effect for six years. It also gives the near bankrupt British East India
Company a virtual tea monopoly by allowing it to sell directly to colonial agents,
bypassing any middlemen, thus underselling American merchants.
In October, colonists hold a mass meeting in Philadelphia in opposition to the tea tax and the monopoly
of the East India Company. A committee then forces British tea agents to resign their positions. In November,
a town meeting is held in Boston endorsing the actions taken by Philadelphia colonists. Bostonians then try,
but fail, to get their British tea agents to resign. A few weeks later, three ships bearing tea
sail into Boston harbor.
November 29/30, two mass meetings occur in Boston over what to do about the tea aboard the three ships
now docked in Boston harbor. Colonists decide to send the tea on the ship, Dartmouth, back to England
without paying any import duties. The Royal Governor of Massachusetts, Hutchinson, is opposed to this
and orders harbor officials not to let the ship sail out of the harbor unless the tea taxes have been paid.
The Rebellious Stripes evolved

December 16 About 8000 Bostonians gather to hear Sam Adams tell them Royal Governor Hutchinson
has repeated his command not to allow the ships out of the harbor until the tea taxes are paid. That night,
the Boston Tea Party occurs as colonial activists(Sons of Liberty) disguise themselves as
Mohawk Indians then board the ships and dump all 342 containers of tea into the harbor.

1774
In March, an angry English Parliament passes the first of a series of Coercive Acts
(called Intolerable Acts by Americans) in response to the rebellion in Massachusetts.
The Boston Port Bill effectively shuts down all commercial shipping in Boston harbor until
Massachusetts pays the taxes owed on the tea dumped in the harbor and also reimburses the
East India Company for the loss of the tea.
 May 20, The English Parliament enacts the next series of Coercive Acts, which include the
Massachusetts Regulating Act and the Government Act virtually ending any self-rule by the colonists there.
Instead, the English Crown and the Royal governor assume political power formerly exercised by colonists.
Also enacted; the Administration of Justice Act which protects royal officials in Massachusetts from being
sued in colonial courts, and the Quebec Act establishing a centralized government in Canada controlled by
the Crown and English Parliament. The Quebec Act greatly upsets American colonists by extending the
southern boundary of Canada into territories claimed by Massachusetts, Connecticut and Virginia.
September 5 to October 26, the First Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia with 56 delegates,
representing every colony, except Georgia. Attendants include Patrick Henry, George Washington,
Sam Adams and John Hancock.
On September 17, the Congress declares its opposition to the Coercive Acts, saying they are
"not to be obeyed," and also promotes the formation of local militia units. On October 14, a
Declaration and Resolves
is adopted that opposes the Coercive Acts, the Quebec Act, and other measure taken by the
British that undermine self-rule. The rights of the colonists are asserted, including the rights to "life, liberty
and property." On October 20, the Congress adopts the Continental Association in which delegates agree
to a boycott of English imports, effect an embargo of exports to Britain, and discontinue the slave trade.
1775

American ships in New England waters fly a "Liberty Tree" flag.
February 1, in Cambridge, Mass., a provincial congress is held during which John Hancock and Joseph
Warren begin defensive preparations for a state of war. February 9, the English Parliament declares Massachusetts to be in a state of rebellion. March 23, in Virginia, Patrick Henry delivers a speech against
British rule, stating, "Give me liberty or give me death!"
April 18, General Gage orders 700 British soldiers to Concord to destroy the colonists' weapons depot.
That night, Paul Revere and William Dawes are sent from Boston to warn colonists. Revere reaches
Lexington about midnight and warns Sam Adams and John Hancock who are hiding out there.
At dawn on April 19 about 70 armed Massachusetts militiamen stand face to face on Lexington Green
with the British advance guard. An unordered 'shot heard around the world' begins the
American Revolution.  The war escalates as  the King issues a proclamation declaring the Americans
to be in a state of open rebellion.
July: The Continental Congress issues a
Declaration on the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms
detailing the colonists' reasons for fighting the British and states the Americans are
"resolved to die free men rather than live as slaves."
 October-Congress orders the establishment of a Continental navy.
Thirteen vessels were authorized to be built or purchased .
The war would ravage on  for 6 years.


1776

January 1st
The "Grand Union" or "Cambridge Flag
" was flown over Prospect Hill, overlooking Boston
January 5- The assembly of New Hampshire adopts the first American state constitution
January 9, Thomas Paine's "Common Sense" is published in Philadelphia. The 50 page pamphlet is
highly critical of King George III and attacks allegiance to Monarchy in principle while providing strong
arguments for American independence. It becomes an instant best-seller in America.
"We have it in our power to begin the world anew...
American shall make a stand, not for herself alone, but for the world," Paine states.

First major Naval action of the newly established Continental Navy.

This flag was used upon its inception.




May- George Washington, the head of the Continental Army , Robert Morris
and Colonel George Ross  contracts Betsy Ross to create an official American Flag
On June 14, 1777, the Continental Congress, seeking to promote national pride and unity, adopted the
national flag. "Resolved: that the flag of the United States be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white;
that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new constellation."



July 4, -
United States
Declaration of Independence
 

1777
November 15, - Congress adopts the Articles of Confederation as the government of the new
United States of America, pending ratification by the individual states. Under the Articles,
Congress is the sole authority of the new national government.

WINTER OF 1777- General Washington claims to have a Prophetic vision of the future of America
The story of the occurrence and the content of this vision was first published in the
U.S. war veteran's paper, "The National Tribute" in December 1880
Great caution must be taken in the acceptance of the authenticity of any visions or dreams of men.
The following vision, however, does have some very remarkable factors which seem to be fully true to
U.S. history as well as to the potential history of "today."
read Washington's vision: SON OF THE REPUBLIC



October 18, 1781

General Cornwallis surrenders to George Washington
after the decisive Battle of Yorktown, ending the Revolutionary War.
Read the Article of Capitulation signed by Cornwallis at Yorktown.


Almost 1 year after Washington's vision:
"A holy war will now begin on America, and when it is ended America will be supposedly the
citadel of  freedom, but her millions will unknowingly be loyal subjects to the crown.
Your churches will be used to teach the Jew's religion  and in less than two hundred years the
whole nation will be working for divine world  government.
That government they believe to be divine will be the British Empire.
All religions will be permeated with Judaism without even being noticed by the masses,
and they will all be under the invisible all-seeing eye of the Grand Architect.”
 General Cornwallis to George Washington
 recorded in Legions of Satan,
by Jonathan Williams 1781


 1783
Peace Treaty of Paris
(we sold our soul)
PAY ATTENTION:
Here is where we start to get $crewed
click for text
of the Paris
Peace Treaty

click for larger image

click for larger image


Reprinted in Jackson's Oxford Journal Oct. 4, 1783
click to enlarge scans


King George III, Prince of the United States ??? in 1783 ???

One has to wonder why 2 years after the war, a Peace Treaty is signed.
Didn't we win the war against England?
Name the date that King George III signed a treaty of surrender with
the United States admitting defeat.
Name the document that contains such an incredible circumstance  between these two warring nations.
There is no such document.
Even today, it is common in even the most remote parts of  England to refer to  the
United States as "the Colonies".
The Treaty of 1783, totally contradicts our winning the Revolutionary War.
In the first paragraph  King George III refers to himself as prince of the  Holy Roman Empire
and of the United States.  Keep in mind, we beat him 2 years ago, how can he still be our king ?
This is a treaty of further granted privileges from the king of England.
In the first article of the Treaty most of the kings claims to America are relinquished,
except for his claim to continue receiving gold, silver and copper as gain for his business venture.
(also see the Jay treaty of 1794 below)
If we had won the Revolutionary War, the king granting us our land would not be
necessary, it would have been ours by his loss of the Revolutionary War.
The war was never won. When Cornwallis surrendered to Washington he surrendered the
battle, not the war.
Read the Article of Capitulation signed by Cornwallis at Yorktown.

For more details on the Paris Treaty read:

THE UNITED STATES IS STILL A BRITISH COLONY


THE QUEEN'S 
CORRUPTION EXPOSED
History of Lies,
Thievery, and Deceit

This will all start to make sense towards the end of this page and the beginning of the next.
Stay with me.......................



1787
May 25, - With 29 delegates from nine states present, the constitutional convention begins in the state
house (Independence Hall) in Philadelphia. A total of 73 delegates have been chosen by the states
(excluding Rhode Island) although only 55 will actually attend. There are 21 veterans of the Revolutionary
War and 8 signers of the Declaration of Independence. The delegates are farmers, merchants, lawyers and
bankers, with an average age of 42, and include the brilliant 36 year old James Madison, the central figure
at the convention, and 81 year old Ben Franklin. Thomas Jefferson, serving abroad as ambassador to
France, does not attend.
George Washington is nominated as president of the constitutional convention.
September 17- 1787
Thirty nine delegates vote to approve and then sign the final draft of the new Constitution
click for text version

click images below to enlarge

US
CONSTITUTION
PAGE 1
US
CONSTITUTION
PAGE 2
US
CONSTITUTION
PAGE 3
US
CONSTITUTION
PAGE 4
US
CONSTITUTION
PAGE 5

September 19, 1787
  For the first time the proposed Constitution is made public as printed copies of the
text are distributed. A storm of controversy soon arises as most people had only expected a revision of the
Articles of Confederation, not a new central government with similarities to the British system they
had just overthrown.
October 27, 1787 - The Federalists, who advocate a strong central government and approval of the
new Constitution, begin publishing essays in favor of ratification. Written by Alexander Hamilton,
James Madison and John Jay, the total number of articles will eventually reach 85 and be compiled
and published as the Federalist Papers.

July 2, 1788
A formal announcement is made by the president of Congress that the Constitution of the
United States is now in effect, having been ratified by the required nine states.



September 25, 1789

click to enlarge
Congress submits 12 proposed constitutional amendments to the states for ratification.
The first ten will be ratified and added to the Constitution in 1791 as the Bill of Rights.
click for text version

1794
Jay Treaty
PAY ATTENTION:
Here is part of that $crewing we got in 1783
The United States agreed to pay 600,000 pounds sterling to King George III, as reparations for the
American Revolution. The Senate ratified the treaty in secret session and ordered that it not be published.
 Benjamin Franklin's grandson published it. Congress was outraged and passed the
Alien and Sedition Acts (1798) so Federal judges could prosecute editors and publishers for reporting the
truth about the government. We had whipped the British and now our Senators had been bribed to
serve the British Monarchy and betray the American people. That is subversion.
Although Jay's Treaty provoked a storm of controversy
(Jay was burned in effigy by mobs of outraged Americans),
President Washington pressed for ratification. The treaty passed the Senate in June, 1795.
1799

The first U.S. Civil Flag of Peacetime (Non-Military) was designed by
Oliver Wolcott; the Secretary of the Treasury under John Adams.
Wolcott's  inspiration was the Sons of Liberty 's flag
the Rebellious Stripes from 1765.
The practice of using the Civil Flag became encoded in law in
1874 when Treasury Secretary William. A. Richardson
required all customhouses(Non Military Federal buildings) to display the Civil Flag.
The flag that we all fly today (sign of military occupation)
is one of two Military Flags, that we have all been
swindled into pledging allegiance to.
see PICK A FLAG next page, for more
on the little known flag issue.



13th amendment shuffle
America 1809
The 17 states in the union on this date include: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky,
North Carolina, New Jersey, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island,
South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, and Virginia.

Senator Phillip Reed of Maryland proposes a "title of nobility" Amendment
(History of Congress, Proceedings of the Senate, p. 529-530).
The first version of the Titles Of Nobility Amendment (or TONA) is read to the Senate.
Original 13th amendment:
"If any citizen of the United States shall accept, claim, receive, or retain any
title of nobility or honour, or shall without the consent of Congress,
accept and retain any present, pension, office, or emolument of any
kind whatever, from any emperor, king, prince, or foreign power,
such person shall cease to be a citizen of the United States,
and shall be incapable of holding any office of trust or
profit under them,or either of them."
****************************************************************
In terms familiar to the common man, this might quite properly be called the use of bribes and graft by
individuals and powers foreign, i.e. external, to the Congress of the United States to subvert the
constitutional process and suborn our political system and the interests of WE THE PEOPLE.



 1811
Charter for the Central Bank expired and renewal was denied
This bank represented the money interests of Europe.
Modern History teaches our children that the war of 1812
was fought over impressment, trade issues, and territorial expansion,
when in fact
The denial of the banks charter by the Congress and
the soon to be ratified TONA
(Titles of Nobility Amendment)
are the sparks that start
the war of 1812 in the following year.

February 27, 1812
Massachusetts ratifies the 13th Amendment, the 11th of 13 states required.


June 12, 1812
The War of 1812 begins
click for timeline
Over the course of the next several years
Most of the states ratify the amendment,
some states refused, others just let it lay on the table.
September 14, 1812
Francis Scott Key pens
The Star Spangled Banner, after witnessing a British attack,
cannon fire exchange and then retreat from Fort McHenry

December 7, 1815
Congress awards a contract to print the collected federal laws to Philadelphia publisher Bioren & Duane.
In the introduction there is a caveat that the proposed 13th Amendment (the TONA) was, at the time of
printing, not yet adopted into the Constitution but it could accumulate the requisite number of ratifications
any day. This is noted about 60 pages removed from the text of the proposal itself, which is simply captioned
13th Amendment and immediately follows the 12th Amendment. The two are separated from the main text
of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights in this printing. At this time, 12 of the 13 necessary
states have already ratified the 13th Amendment.

March 12, 1819
The 13th Amendment's official date of ratification, March 12, 1819, the date of re-publication of the
Virginia Civil Code: 10 copies are designated for the executive branch of Virginia, 5 copies for the Clerk of
the general assembly, and 4 copies for the Secretary of State of the United States; 1 copy each for
Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and President James Monroe; 1 copy each for the U.S. Senate,
House, and Library of Congress, and 1 copy for every judge in the courts of Virginia.

1824 Pennsylvania publishes the original 13th amendment

click to enlarge

click to enlarge
(The original 13th amendment appeared in print in official
State documents numerous times between 1815 and 1866)


Vetoed Bank Bill of 1836
"If Congress has the right (it doesn't) to issue paper  money (currency), it was given to them to
be used by...(the government) and not to be delegated to individuals or corporations."
President Andrew Jackson
1849
Civil Disobedience
by Henry David Thoreau is published
GOVERNMENT
by Frederic Bastiat is also published
1850
Frederic Bastiat publishes a pamphlet :
 The Law:
It's already more than 150 years old. And because its truths are eternal,
it will still be read when another century has passed.
Bastiat also publishes
That Which is Seen, and That Which is Not Seen
A treatise on labor, taxes, economy and Government


February 28, 1861
(another 13th amendment?)
As the first several states secede from the union:
The proposed "explanatory amendment" often referred to as the "Corwin amendment" is passed by the
House, regarding permanent protection of slavery in those States where it then existed. It was silent on the
subject of servitude in the Territories. It is also called the 13th Amendment. No protest is made that the
number was already used. This was a last-ditch effort to avert the outbreak of the Civil War.
The seceded states, of course, take no interest. The proposed Amendment is forgotten.

April 12, 1861
Civil War Between the States begins at Fort Sumter.
click for timeline


The Revenue Act of 1861
President Lincoln signed into law a revenue-raising measure to help
pay for what was anticipated as a short civil war.
For the first time an income tax is levied at the Federal level in the United States.
The measure created a Commissioner of Internal Revenue and the nation's first income tax.


The Revenue Act of 1862
Congress enacts a new revenue act introducing for the first time a progressive tax feature. Personal income
tax is 3% for income between $ 800 and $ 10,000 while higher incomes are to be taxed at a rate of 5%.
A standard deduction of $ 600 is introduced, along with other deductions. Income tax is to be
withheld at source by the employer.


1863
Life Without Principle
A treatise on advertising and propaganda and popular opinion,
by Henry David Thoreau is published

April 9, 1865
General Robert E. Lee surrenders at Appomattox.
Civil War Between the States ends.
click image to enlarge

Appomattox Court House , Virginia 1865


April 14, 1865

Abraham Lincoln is assassinated.

Despite death threats, kidnapping plots and previous attempts on his life,
no adequate explanation for the poor security surrounding
Abraham Lincoln is ever provided to a grieving American public.
Did Abe see the writing on the wall ?
"The money powers prey upon the nation in times of peace and conspire against it in times of adversity.
It is more despotic than a monarchy, more insolent than autocracy, and more selfish than bureaucracy.
It denounces as public enemies, all who question it's methods or throw light upon it's crimes.
I have two great enemies, the Southern Army in front of me and the Bankers in the rear.
Of the two, the one at my rear is my greatest foe.. corporations have been enthroned and an era of
corruption in high places will follow, and the money powers of the country will endeavor to prolong it's
reign by working upon the prejudices of the people until the wealth is aggregated in the hands of a few,
and the Republic is destroyed."
Abraham Lincoln


December 18, 1865
(yet, another 13th amendment? this makes 3)
 Insider Attack on the U.S. Constitution
and the Republic of the United States
or
oops, my dog ate the original 13th amendment
The sowing of AmeriKa

Secretary of State William Seward announces ratification of the "new" 13th Amendment,
(The amendment of 1864)
which loudly prohibits slavery (and quietly surrenders States' Rights to the federal government).

The amendment of 1864 passes Congress. No protest is made regarding the errant numbering as
Article XIII, and the proposal is passed in the absence of 11 former southern states.


April 2, 1866
A Proclamation is issued by President Andrew Johnson that all of the States formerly considered to be
in rebellion have returned to a condition of normalcy, including their ratification of an "
amendment abolishing slavery." In that official proclamation he does not refer to it by any number.

January,1866
The Territory of Colorado publishes the original 13th Amendment,
with the anti-slavery amendment shown as the 14th Amendment

click to enlarge

click to enlarge

From this point, the original 13th was virtually unknown
until
 1983  David Dodge and Tom Dunn
discover an 1825 Maine edition the U.S. Constitution
containing the
original 13th Amendment
which no longer appears in the Constitution.

click to enlarge

click to enlarge


 13th amendment that appears in our
constitution at present time.
amendment abolishing slavery
(The amendment of 1864, should have actually been the 14th, Colorado was correct.)
Section 1.
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for
crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the
United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

Section 2.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.


The good news: This ended slavery, although it should have been the 14th amendment.

The bad news:The original 13th Amendment to our Constitution has been illegally removed from publication. One intent of the Amendment was to prohibit the attorneys of powerful European bankers
from holding office in America. During the confusion of the War of 1812,when our capital records building
was burned, and the Civil War, the bankers and lawyers removed the 13th Amendment, replacing it with
the Slave Amendment, which should be the 14th.

This is the turning point, when politicians opened the door for kickbacks and bribes.
Lawyers (esquires),attorneys of powerful European bankers, infested the political pool
like fleas on an un-bathed dog.
With the elimination of the language from the original 13th  amendment,
the fleas were no longer restricted to the conditions expressed in it's structure.

There was no definitive, severe consequence for violating the terms in the original.
With lawyers (some agents of British bankers) infesting the political process, laws will now be written to be beyond the comprehension of the common man.
The common man was to be the one writing the laws:
The sowing of AmeriKa is a political reality.

The little known news: The original  amendment was  NEVER PROPERLY REPEALED
by due constitutional process.
It is still the rule of law of the Constitution.
Not that we pay any particular attention anymore.


So how is this missing amendment affecting your life today ?
If the missing 13th Amendment were restored, "special interests" and "immunities" might be rendered
unconstitutional. The prohibition against "honors" (privileges) would compel the entire government to
operate under the same laws as the citizens of this nation. Without their current personal immunities (honors),
our judges and I.R.S. agents would be unable to abuse common citizens without fear of legal liability.
If this 13th Amendment were restored, our entire government would have to conduct itself according to the
same standards of decency, respect, law, and liability as the rest of the nation. If this Amendment and the
term "honor" were applied today, our government's ability to systematically coerce and abuse the public
would be all but eliminated.

All attorneys and judges who claim the title “esquire,” a title of English nobility beneath knighthood and
extended to professional men, are incapable of holding public office under the Amendment. If enforced, nearly
half the legislators in office throughout America would be removed from office and stripped of their citizenship.

A partial list of influential Americans who have been “honorably” knighted by the Queen of England include
Henry Kissinger, Norman Schwarzkopf, Colin Powell, Casper Weinberger,
Ronald Reagan, George Bush, Sr., Rudy Giullani and Alan Greenspan.
If the real 13th Amendment were enforced those men would be stripped of their citizenship
and would not be allowed to hold positions of public trust.



Sir Alan Greenspan is often referred to as the most powerful man in America because he is the chairman
of the Federal Reserve Board -- the consortium of private international bankers who control the
U.S. money supply.


Sir Henry Kissinger, former secretary of state under President Nixon and the man whose foreign policies
have been behind nearly every genocidal event on earth since WWII (according to a 36-page report in
Harper's magazine [The Making of a War Criminal, Feb. 26, 2000]) had been nominated to head an
independent investigation of the 9-11 tragedy.


Sir Colin Powell is the current Secretary of State.


Sir George Bush, Sr., is the father of current President George Bush, Jr., and has arguably been the real
U.S. president since the Sir Ronald Reagan era began in 1980.


With so many of the queen's knights holding American public office, one has to wonder who really won
the Revolutionary War. The U.S. government is comprised of men who, while entrusted with our most
vital  national security interests, have accepted favors from foreign interests --
the same favors which are  prohibited by both the
Constitution and a (missing?) constitutional amendment.


In September, 2002, the (Titles of Nobility Amendment) TONA   Research Committee acquired the book
"Military Laws of the United States to which is prefixed the Constitution of the United States",
authorized by Secretary of War John C. Calhoun, compiled by Major Trueman Cross, Deputy
Quarter-Master-General of the Army, published in Washington in 1825.
It contains the 13th Amendment in its proper place
Of note also, the 2nd Amendment [Image of Page 14, Article II] is properly presented as ratified
and as shown in all presentations until after the time of the Civil War and Reconstruction,
without the extra commas after the words "Militia" and "Arms".
The only source properly presented today is that for the United States Senate on the
United States Government Printing Office site at
http://www.gpoaccess.gov/constitution/html/amdt2.html

SCANS FROM
"Military Laws of the United States to which is prefixed the Constitution of the United States"
published in Washington in 1825 includes original 13th amendment.
  acquired by TONA   Research Committee September, 2002,
click image to enlarge to a readable size.

Frontis Page

Request for Authorization

Authorization by JCC




Image of Page 14, 
Amendments 1 - VI

Image of Page 15, 
Amendments VI(Cont) - XII

Image of XII(Cont)
and XIII
click below for more detailed reports on the missing 13th amendment

War Dept. document from 1825 reveals
critical clue to missing 13th Amendment
click
The Missing 13th Amendment
Missing 13th Amendment 
 Oregon Observer 
Amendment 13 Removed
The Original Thirteenth Article  of 
Amendment  To The Constitution 
The Demon Of Discord
Ratification and Suppression of the Original Thirteenth Article
of Amendment to the Constitution of the United States


How can a section of the foundation our nation was built on
just be ignored? Just be removed without due process?
Let's just forget about that law that punishes
politicians for subverting our government
for foreign interests:
Let's allow the international bankers to
pervert and distort our republic.
The kidnapping of the original 13th amendment was
needed to keep "kings agents" in our Government
to ensure all his heirs and successors were able to
receive the gold, silver and copper that he claimed with
the Virginia Charter of 1606, reclaimed in  the
Peace Treaty of Paris in 1783,
(remember he is referred to asprince of the United States)
and that our Congressmen honored with the
Jay Treaty of 1794.


"If any citizen of the United States shall accept, claim, receive, or retain any
title of nobility or honour, or shall without the consent of Congress,
accept and retain any present, pension, office, or emolument of any
kind whatever, from any emperor, king, prince, or foreign power,
such person shall cease to be a citizen of the United States,
and shall be incapable of holding any office of trust or
profit under them,or either of them."


This is only the beginning
Welcome to AmeriKa

 CONTINUE TO
PART 3:

Distortions, Contortions and Extortions


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